Noul Calvinism (1)

In aceasta serie de postari vom incerca sa intelegem ce inseamna miscarea numita “noul-calvinism”. Nu voi comenata prea multe, ci voi prezenta in cateva episoade notele mele de lectura asupra cartii “The New Calvinists – Changing the Gospel” scrisa de E.S. Williams.
Intai sa vedem ce ne spune Wikipedia:

The New Calvinists look to Puritans like Jonathan Edwards who taught that sanctification requires a vigorous and vigilant pursuit of holy living, not a passive attitude of mechanical progress[8] (see Lordship salvation); however, as implied by the “New” designation, some differences have been observed between the New and Old schools. Mark Driscoll, for example, has identified what he considers to be four main differences between the two:

  1. New Calvinism is missional and seeks to create and redeem culture.
  2. New Calvinism is flooding into cities.
  3. Old Calvinism was generally cessationist (i.e. believing the gifts of the Holy Spirit such as tongues and prophecy had ceased). New Calvinism is generally continuationist with regard to spiritual gifts.
  4. New Calvinism is open to dialogue with other Christian positions.[9]

This fourth distinctive is what Driscoll considers a vital component in being able to engage with contemporary society.[10]

Si primele note de lectura din cartea mentionata anterior:
New Calvinism is a movement that is sweeping across congregations in the USA and the UK, and other countries around the world. It has been described as a resurgence of the reformed teachings of John Calvin, and luminaries such as Jonathan Edwards. It has been called ‘a growing perspective within conservative evangelicalism that embraces the fundamentals of 16th-century Calvinism while also trying to be relevant in the present-day world’. [1]
Led by very well-known names in the evangelical world, it plausibly gives the appearance of doctrinal soundness, but on closer examination we see a movement that dramatically changes how we live our Christian lives. It challenges the view of nearly twenty centuries of church history –that believers should be separate from the world. For the New Calvinism promotes full involvement in the pursuits of the world, bringing the world into the church in worship and witness, and eroding the difference between the holy and the profane. It is for the sake of individual Christians and churches that we should be aware of seriously harmful aspects of a movement that appears to be so promising. From the evidence presented in this book, we shall see that the problem of New Calvinism lies in both doctrine and conduct, and especially in conduct. [..]
First we will look at the origin of New Calvinism and its association with The Gospel Coalition; then we will meet three American ministers who stand at the heart of New Calvinism, namely Dr Tim Keller, Pastor of Redeemer Presbyterian Church, New York; Dr John Piper, former pastor of Bethlehem Baptist Church, Minneapolis, and director of Desiring God Ministries; and Pastor Mark Driscoll, of Mars Hill Church in Seattle, who is reputed to be the most downloaded pastor in history.


  1. Rețineți atent că Biblia nu explică niciodată modul în care actele păcătoase ale oamenilor răi fuzionează cu scopul suveran al lui Dumnezeu, dar într-un fel misterios ele lucrează împreună în același timp (concomitent)… Mințile noastre omenești finite nu pot înțelege o astfel de antinomie (paradox). Suntem tentați să rezolvăm aceasta, fie prin calificarea suveranităţii lui Dumnezeu, fie prin negarea agentului liber uman. În timp ce această soluție este mai ordonată logic, aceasta nu ar putea fi acceptată biblic. Pentru a fi credincios faţă de ceea ce a revelat Dumnezeu despre modul în care lucrează în treburile acestei lumi, trebuie să spunem “atât (una)…cât și (cealaltă)”, nu “fie (una)…fie (cealaltă)” [trebuie să spunem „ambele-și”, nu „una dintre-sau”]. (Timothy George, Amazing Grace: God’s Pursuit, Our Response)

    (Timothy George gândeşte holistic, conjunctiv, nu fragmentar, disjunctiv. Autorul nu are o gândire elenistă, categorială… El afirmă ce spune Biblia, făra a exlude un lucru ce e spus în favoarea altui spus şi el)

  2. “Roses” (an Alternative to TULIP) by Timothy George

    Posted on November 12, 2013 by TC Robinson
    Timothy George, a professor and Baptist historian, himself a Calvinist, has provided what some will consider a helpful alternative to the “TULIP” acronym of Synod of Dort Calvinism. It’s the “ROSES” acronym, which is meant to capture a softer version of Calvinism that is closer to what most Baptists believe:
    • Radical Depravity–Compared with total depravity, radical depravity agrees that every aspect of our being was damaged through the Fall and we can do nothing to save ourselves, but affirms that humans are not totally evil because we retain the image of God despite our fallenness.
    • Overcoming Grace–Compared with irresistible grace, overcoming grace (or effectual calling) affirms that God accomplishes salvation, but differs in that rather than salvation being a mechanical and deterministic process, it allows for even sinful, obstinate humans to respond to God’s persistent wooing.
    • Sovereign Election–In contrast to the double predestinarianism of unconditional election, God sovereignly elects those whom He foreknows will respond to Him.
    • Eternal Life–The phrase “perseverance of the saints” might suggest that although we are saved by grace, we are kept by our good works. The phrase “Once saved, always saved”could suggest that we could claim Christ as Savior without making Him Lord of our lives.
    • Singular Redemption–Finally, unlike limited atonement, singular redemption communicates that Jesus’ death was sufficient to save everyone but is efficient only for those who repent and believe.
    Though Timothy George’s proposed “ROSES” acronym doesn’t have the same logical flow as the traditional TULIP acronym, it does present a softer view of these five points. But a pure Calvinist may not recognize them as truly Calvinian.
    For example, Timothy George’s “Sovereign election” is not Calvinistic at all. In fact, it is more Arminian than Calvinian. In other words, because God knows in advance who will respond to him, he elects them.
    But this alternative is not Calvinistic. It is not even a softer version of Calvinism. It is something else. It’s something my Arminian Methodist pastor friend often shares with me, as an explanation of election in the Bible.
    Timothy George, Amazing Grace: God’s Initiative – Our Response (Nashville: LifeWay, 2000), 71-83.

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